The Properties of Lightweight Refractory Material

Lightweight refractory material is also known as heat insulation refractories and insulation refractories, refer to

the high porosity, small volume density, low thermal conductivity, has the thermal insulation performance of

refractory materials. It includes insulating refractory products, refractory fiber and refractory fiber products. 

As a kind of refractory material, lightweight refractory has a certain high temperature mechanical properties and

good volume stability, is all sorts of high-temperature thermal equipment necessary. Compared with dense

refractory material, the lightweight refractory filled with gas shows high apparent porosity, small volume density,

good insulation performance, has the screened effect on heat. Therefore, the main properties of fused cast



1. High apparent porosity

A main performance index to measure lightweight refractory material quality is the porosity. Pore is made of the

pore in the refractory raw materials and intergranular porosity after forming. 

2. Small volume density

The volume density of lightweight refractory is small, no more than 1.3g/cm³. At present, volume density

of common lightweight refractory industry is 0.5~1.0g/cm³ in industry.

3. Low thermal conductivity

Under unit the temperature gradient, within the unit time through unit vertical heat. It is the important

performance index of lightweight refractory material quality, is also the important index of the design of thermal

performance design. It indirectly reflects apparent porosity and bulk density of the products.

4. Low compression strength

Lightweight refractory material, due to large apparent porosity, low bulk density, not form a compact connection

between crystals. 
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